To grow plants you need a medium and since there are other growing media besides soil, the question naturally arises:
As a beginner in Growing we recommend the well-tried medium soil, because it is more forgiving and does not necessarily require pH and EC meters. Organic media such as soil have a certain buffering function against supply errors and also contain many beneficial microorganisms and trace elements. In addition, the taste from hydroponics is often described as more "chemical".
Advanced growers or very ambitious beginners use hydroponics, but this requires mandatory measuring equipment and a lot of work and control. It is necessary to constantly check the pH and EC values. The advantage is, on the one hand, that the medium can be used more frequently and does not have to be disposed of as often as soil. Second, these media are sterile and do not carry the risk of contamination with germs or insect larvae.
The cost is about the same for both methods. The substrate in organic cultivation is slightly more expensive, but the equipment and maintenance in hydrological cultivation cause higher costs.
Combinations are possible, of course, in which different substrates are used depending on the growth phase, but this requires a high level of cultivation expertise.
A brief overview of the advantages of the different cultivation methods:
|Buffer function against supply errors, as nutrients are released only slowly||higher yields in a shorter time and more effective nutrient supply|
|numerous important micronutrients||has high water holding capacity, good aeration and thus an optimal root climate|